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Corruption: An Implication of a Failed State

June 6 @ 5:30 pm 9:00 pm

Corruption: An Implication of a Failed State

Hilton Hotel

June 6 2023 5:30 – 9 PM

1100 ETB: Non-Members

Complementary: Members

Corruption: An Implication of a Failed State

In the month of June, AWiB presents “Corruption: An Implication of a Failed State”.

Corruption is a form of dishonesty that is undertaken by individuals entrusted in a position of authority who abuse power for personal gain. It is a pervasive issue that plagues societies around the world, leading to profound socio-economic and political consequences. When corruption is widespread and systemic, it contributes to the erosion of good governance and the breakdown of institutions which ultimately result in a failed state.

Corruption has become a culture across the world especially in those nations with limited resources. From government officials diverting public resources for their personal gain to demanding excessive fees for essential services like healthcare and education, corruption is a sign that public officials have abandoned the rule of law.

Corruption breeds illegitimacy, unaccountability, and instability. It wastes tax money meant for important community projects, such as good quality education, healthcare, and dependable transportation systems. It is a major setback to a government’s ability to meet the basic needs of its citizens. Corruption reduces employment opportunities.

Ethiopia is far from being immune to this corruption plague – quickly catching on to the corruption culture making it the new norm. On Transparency International’s 2023 Corruption Perceptions Index, Ethiopia scored 37 on a scale from 0 “highly corrupt” to 100 “very clean”. When ranked by score, Ethiopia ranked 98th amongst the 180 countries in the Index, where the country ranked first is perceived to have the most honest public sector.

How does corruption lead to a failed state?

Widespread corruption undermines public trust in government institutions and erodes the legitimacy of the state leading to a breakdown in social cohesion and order. It diverts public resources, exacerbates social disparities, and perpetuates poverty. In a highly corrupt environment, political power is concentrated fueling instability and conflict. It weakens the rule of law fostering a culture of impunity and eroding the state’s ability to maintain order and justice.

As a nation, it is time for us to question why Ethiopia, a religious country with high moral standards became one of the most corrupt states in the world. One of the salient features of a corrupted society is the breakdown of family structure that started during the Derg regime. This broken family structure that had been the foundation of Ethiopian society led to today’s rampant corruption.

The present situation in Ethiopia reflects a sense of nonchalance and numbness among the population particularly the youth leading to hopelessness. This sense of hopelessness exposes the youth to addiction, diseases, and health risks, hindering their overall well-being and development. The infrastructure deficit perpetuates existing inequalities and serves as a barrier to progress and prosperity for the nation. Addressing corruption is crucial for good governance, economic prosperity, and social stability ensuring citizens’ well-being.

  • What is the root cause of corruption?
  • Who is accountable for corruption? the citizen or the authority?   
  • What turns an honest public officer into a corrupted tyrant?
  • Is lack of resources to make ends meet a reasonable justification for corruption?
  • Is there a correlation between corruption and lack of quality education?
  • What makes a citizen turn a blind eye to injustice created by corruption?

Kidist Gebreamlak, is the Founder & CEO of Eleos Groups LLC in the USA, and the Co-founder & CEO of Zero One Zero One Tech &
Entrepreneurship Africa. Her ventures focus on entrepreneurial training, innovation, and fostering a culture of resilience among entrepreneurs in challenging settings. Kidist’s professional narrative is marked by her role as a Business & Strategy Consultant for Tebita Ambulance in Ethiopia, where she has been pivotal in formulating a community-focused business strategy that prioritizes accessible and equitable services. This role showcases her dedication to inclusive service delivery and team capacity building.

Kidist’s contributions extend to academia, where she has played a key role in developing the Ethiopia STEM Education Framework and has been invited by the Ethiopian Academy of Science to contribute a chapter on STEM Education in Ethiopia. Additionally, she also has designed and implemented an entrepreneurship program at STEMpower in partnership with VISA, demonstrating her multifaceted approach to development and empowerment.

Tihitina Legesse is a formidable second-generation businesswoman who took over her family’s company, excelling and growing the brand and business Waryt Mulutila International PLC. Waryt is a 30-year-old, successful Ethiopian furniture family business. She worked her way up in the company even if it was a family business. She believes her experience and challenge in working in every department helped her achieve success.

Tihitina has a background in psychology and business with 18 years of work experience. She served in AWiB’s Board for two and a half years (2013-2015). She is leading an initiative in partnership with the Addis Ababa Labor and Social Affairs office to work on providing employment opportunities for Saudi returnees. Tihitina’s dedication lies in not only providing support but also sharing her knowledge and experiences.

Roman Gomeju Tafessework, is a hotelier, marketer, and social worker. She has worked as general manager and managing director of various hotels and resorts. Currently, she is the general manager of Addis International Catering, the only private inflight catering and aircraft cleaning company in Ethiopia under Midroc Investment Group.

Roman has also been actively working on mobilizing support for those displaced citizens at Gedeo, Guji, Metekel, Guliso, Gumayde, Konso, Afar, Tigray, Amhara, and many other places under the Coalition of Humanitarian Aid (የሰብዓዊ ድጋፍ ጥምረት) and Care & Share. She is an executive member of the One Pack for One Child Movement, Pure Hope, and is an Honorary Member of Gojjo Shelter for Cancer Patients.

Corruption: An Implication of a Failed State

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